History and characteristics of the park
Emilijan Josimović, an engineer and the first Serbian urban planner, initiated the idea of building this park. The land for the park was bought in 1849, so the works began that year: trees were planted and the spring and the bathroom of Talpar were arranged. The park of Bukovicka Banja got an approximate present appearance in 1856. The warm bathroom of Đular originates from this period. For a while, this spa proudly bore the title of the best spa in Serbia. The current contours of the park were given in the period from 1900 to 1905. There is an alley of pine trees and a chestnut tree avenue from that period. Bukovicka Banja and this park experienced the most significant change in the 1930s. Then, the Old Building, the New Building were renovated, as well as the park itself, which was fundamentally reconstructed. Today, in the park of Bukovicka Banja, you can see flower alleys and many types of rare trees. In addition, there is a permanent exhibition of marble sculptures at this place.
Facilities within the park
The Bukovicka Banja Park complex covers an area of over 22 hectares. In addition to the sources of mineral water: Đulara, Talpara, Knjaz Mihajlo and Pobeda, in this park there are other valuable buildings, such as:
- The building of the hotel Staro zdanje - the construction of this building was started by Prince Mihailo Obrenović in 1868, according to the project of the architect Kosta Šreplović;
- The Knjaz Miloš Pavilion - formerly known as the Source of Acid Water, was the first factory to bottle mineral water;
- Hotel Šumadija building;
- The building of the Republic of Croatia of the Bukovicka Banja Institute, with open and closed bathrooms;
- Masonry gate in front of the entrance to the Old Building;
- A collection of 64 sculptures, created in the period from 1960 to 1987.
Of all the buildings, the Old Building stands out, as the oldest preserved building in the park of Bukovicka Banja. This building is a representative example of the architecture of Serbian romanticism. When building it, Prince Mihailo Obrenović had in mind that it would be the summer residence of the dynasty and the assembly house. The discovery of the thermal spring in 1935 conditioned the construction of a modern hot bath, an outdoor swimming pool with mineral water, the Šumadija hotel, as well as the recapture of the Đular and Talpar springs.
How to get to the park?
- Bukovicka Banja Park is located in Arandjelovac, and it is about seventy kilometers away from Belgrade. If you start by car from this city, you can reach the park in an hour and 10 minutes (by highway A1 / E75 and Route 25).
- If your starting point is Novi Sad, then you will travel to the park in 2 hours and 15 minutes (by highway A1 / E75).