Have you heard of Golubac, a fairytale-looking city in eastern Serbia? We assume that it is, since Golubac has recently been a destination for many tourists, who want to see the symbol of this city - Golubac Fortress. On this page you can find out more about the history of Golubac, ie about its first settlements, which date back to the distant past.
Golubac - history of the city
In historical sources, Golubac was first mentioned in 1335 as a fortress with a Hungarian garrison. It is known that the city was founded earlier, but it remains a mystery who built it and when. Golubac is 50 km away from Pozarevac, the nearest larger city, while it is 130 km east of Belgrade.
The foundation of Golubac - ancient roots
In the vicinity of Golubac, there are the remains of the Starčevo, Vinča and Žutobrdska culture, as well as the Roman Vicus Cuppae, on both sides of the Danube. The appearance of this Roman settlement is connected to the Roman castle, which lay on a hill between 2 streams. It is believed that there used to be a village and the seat of the legion here. The settlement of Vicus Cuppae was built at the end of the 1st and the beginning of the 2nd century AD. This ancient settlement was under the administration of Viminacium, and it was one of the larger stations on the way to Nicomedia.
We also know information about another ancient settlement - Castrum Nove. It is a civilian settlement from the 1st century BC, older than the settlement of Vicus Cuppae. This settlement was a fortification with a suburb, a port and a necropolis. Unfortunately, most of the former site is now under water.
How to get to Golubac?
Today, Golubac is best known for the Golubac Fortress, which is located 4 km downstream from this city. In recent years, the fortress has become a significant tourist destination, which attracts an increasing number of visitors every year. Come to Golubac and find out more about the history of this city and its culture. Numerous guides will help you with that, which will bring you closer to the time of its creation.
- The easiest way to get to Golubac is by car. The fastest and best way to this city is the main road Belgrade - Kladovo, which is also called the Djerdap highway. If you start from Belgrade, you will be 130 km away from this place.
- From Belgrade there are frequent bus departures to Golubac, and from other cities in Serbia, if there are no direct buses, we recommend bus transportation to Kladovo or Donji Milanovac. From there you can reach Golubac by local bus.
- There is also the 3rd option - coming to the Golubac Fortress on the waves of the Danube. There are organized tours by ships from Belgrade, but also by cruisers from Europe for that purpose.
Whichever way you choose, one thing is for sure - you will enjoy this city and gain beautiful memories for a lifetime!